Protein coding sequences/Biosynthesis
Biosynthetic enzymes catalyze the conversion of substrates to products. Metabolic enzymes can be combined together along with gene expression parts, such as promoters and ribosome binding sites, to construct pathways that produce or degrade useful chemicals and materials. These combinations of enzymes can reconstitute either natural or synthetic biosynthetic pathways. These enzymes have applications in specialty chemicals, biofuels, and bioremediation.
- Biosynthesis and degradation of AHL: a class of signalling molecules involved in cell-cell communication.
- Biosynthesis of isoprenoids: a class of natural products with potential value as pharmaceuticals.
- Biosynthesis of odorants: volatile chemicals that produce an aroma detectable by the human olfactory system.
- Biosynthesis of plastic
- Biosynthesis of butanol: Biologically-produced butanol may someday offer an alternative to fossil-fuel derived gasoline.
- Degradation of bisphenol A: a contaminant of plastic.
- Degradation of cellulose: a potential feedstock for bio-based fuels and specialty chemicals.